Capacity that A has to influence to the behavior to B so that B acts in accordance with the wishes of A.
Power is a ability to influence people or group of people. Power is kind of tool used by different leaders, politicians, teachers, managers, speakers and any armed officers to influence, manage, order, motivate and support the group of people towards a certain goal.
The two important aspects of power are:
. POTENTIAL :- Power is not the only think you, person with guts make 100% of that power in hand. A person with potential ability play a great part in handling power and opposition.
. DEPENDENCY :- Dependency implies that the person who has the power possesses something that another person needs. The more badly the other person needs what the person with power has the more dependent he is.
Types of power are:
. Reward power
. Coercive power
. Legitimate power
. Personal power
. Expert power
EFFECTS OF POWER BASES
. Resistence :- managers meet with resistance if he uses his power with arrogant and inconsistent manner. Frequent use of cohesive power leads to resistance.
. Compliance :- employees comply with the expectation of managers, they work for the leader to satisfy their minimal expectations but will not put any additional efforts.
. Commitment :- this is the best outcome in this people work with enthusiasm and energy to fulfill leaders requirements. This will come from expert and personal power.
OP in corporate world
Organizational Politics kind of behavior helps to protect/enhance employees or group of people interest.
POLITICAL TACTICS USED TO GAIN POWER.
. SOCIAL EXCHANGE
. IDENTIFICATION WITH HIGHER AUTHORITY.
. SELEVTIVE SERVICE.
. CONTROL OF INFORMATION
. POWER AND STATUS SYMBOL
. POWER PLAYS